Job Hazard Analysis | EcoOnline
Health & Safety Glossary

Job Hazard Analysis


What is a Job Hazard Analysis?

As an EHS team member, your primary responsibility is to ensure a safe and healthy workplace for everyone. 

One way to achieve this is by conducting a job hazard analysis (JHA). JHA is a straightforward process that involves identifying potential safety hazards in your workplace and taking steps to mitigate them. By doing so, you can prevent accidents, injuries, and illnesses.

Job hazard analysis refers to a systematic process of identifying potential hazards and analyzing the risks associated with specific job tasks. It is also known as a job safety analysis (JSA) or task hazard analysis (THA).

The JHA process typically involves breaking down job tasks into smaller steps or procedures and identifying potential hazards at each step. 

This way, you can identify potential hazards and assess the associated risks by evaluating the likelihood and severity of potential accidents or injuries.

Worker conducting a job hazard analysis in warehouse There are accidents waiting to happen in most workplaces. A job hazard analysis can help prevent accidents from happening.

The Importance of Conducting a Job Hazard Analysis

Conducting a job hazard analysis can have many benefits for organizations. These include:

Identifying Risks

The first step in conducting a JHA is to identify potential risks and hazards in the workplace. This includes analyzing work processes, identifying job duties, and examining equipment and tools. 

By understanding the potential hazards associated with each job task, you can develop effective safety procedures and protocols to prevent accidents and injuries. 

This can help you create a safer work environment for your employees, reducing the likelihood of injury or illness.

Compliance with Regulations

Conducting a JHA can also help you ensure compliance with relevant safety regulations. OSHA requires employers to identify and assess potential hazards in the workplace and implement appropriate safety measures to protect employees. 

By conducting a JHA, you can identify potential hazards and implement safety protocols to reduce the likelihood of workplace accidents and injuries.

Increased Employee Engagement

Conducting a JHA can also increase employee participation in safety programs. By involving employees in the analysis process, they can provide valuable insights into potential hazards in the workplace, as well as develop effective safety protocols. 

This can help instil a culture of safety in the workplace, where employees feel empowered to identify and address potential safety hazards.

Continuous Improvement 

Conducting a JHA is not a one-time event. It should be an ongoing process that is regularly reviewed and updated. 

By continuously analyzing the workplace and identifying potential hazards, you can implement new safety protocols and procedures to reduce the likelihood of accidents and injuries. This can help create a safer workplace and reduce the risks associated with potential hazards.

Cost Reduction

Workplace accidents and injuries can be costly for organizations. Not only can they result in lost productivity, but they can also result in expensive medical bills and workers’ compensation claims. 

By conducting a JHA, you can identify potential hazards and implement safety protocols to prevent accidents and injuries. This can ultimately help you reduce costs associated with workplace accidents and injuries.

Fostering a Culture of Safety

Finally, conducting a JHA cultivates a culture of safety. Employees can see that the company is taking safety seriously and that EHS teams are working hard to prevent accidents. 

By regularly conducting JHAs, companies can foster a culture where employees take safety seriously and continually work towards a safe work environment.

Conducting a Job Hazard Analysis

To conduct a thorough job hazard analysis, there are particular points the EHS team should identify. 

One of the essential components of JHA is identifying job tasks. Understanding the job tasks involved and the sequence in which they are performed is crucial in identifying the associated hazards. 

The analysis must also include the tools, equipment, and materials involved in completing the job. Besides, EHS teams must identify employee exposure and hazards that could arise from environmental and physical factors, like noise or temperature. 

Finally, the analysis should propose hazard controls, like engineering controls or personal protective equipment.

Limitations of a Job Hazard Analysis

It's important to note that JHA does have some limitations. One drawback is when the assessment doesn't encompass the entire scope of potential hazards thoroughly. 

This could leave some risks under assessed, which could lead to workplace accidents or injuries. Another limitation is when it is used as a one-time solution rather than an ongoing process. Job tasks and hazards can change, and therefore, JHA should be a continuous process.

Use EcoOnline to Conduct More Accurate Job Hazard Analyses

EcoOnline allows organizations to conduct more accurate job hazard analyses to determine job risks and hazards. This allows companies to create more effective safety plans and SoPs to ensure that employees are able to operate safely.