Health And Safety In The Aviation Industry

The aviation industry is key to the day-to-day running of the global economy. Not only does it help get the world’s population from A to B, but is also a huge component of global logistics for trade of goods, with both of these helping...

Written by Leslie Duroe

The aviation industry is key to the day-to-day running of the global economy. Not only does it help get the world’s population from A to B, but is also a huge component of global logistics for trade of goods, with both of these helping to support $2.7 trillion (3.6%) of the world’s Gross Domestic Product.

Yet, the ever-increasing strain on major airports has led to the need for shorter flight turnarounds. 

This increased pressure, alongside the likes of high turnover and thus less trained ground staff has led to soars in injuries on the ground within the industry.

Whilst there have been increases in this area, this is not to suggest that health and safety hazards stop here - there are countless hazards across the industry for workers and customers.

Here at EcoOnline, we have compiled a list of some of the top hazards to look out for in the aviation industry, as well as some recommendations on how the risks can be reduced.

Baggage Handling

Manual handling and lifting are significant hazards in countless sectors. However, recent studies by the HSE have found that just under 40% of all injuries in the aviation sector come because of handling and lifting.

Such injuries can occur from lifting luggage…

  • at very low and very high heights
  • over the typical 20kg limit
  • too frequently with few breaks
  • in awkward positions whilst loading the aircraft.

Simple yet effective solutions to a lower the risk of a great deal of these hazards occurring include:

  • Stricter check-in weigh ins, ensuring that the domestic maximum hold luggage weight has not been passed.
  • More stringent training in lifting and handling.
  • Better HR management - allowing staff to take more frequent, well-earned breaks.
  • Investing in mechanical aids to support the baggage handlers wherever strains can occur. 

With such a huge proportion of the injuries coming from these activities, such investments and process changes can only lead to a healthier and happier workforce, as well as a more efficient operation.


Working at Height

Preparing aircrafts for take-off can be a very labour-intensive activity, and in many cases, means that employees must work at height. 

However, year on year there are reported injuries of employees working in these conditions.

Whether the employees are maintaining, or simply entering or exiting the aircraft, more must be done to ensure that the risks involved with these activities are minimised. 

Working at height risks can be minimised by…

  • Conducting thorough risk assessments regularly
  • Providing stable working platforms where working at height is necessary
  • Increasing supervision whilst employees are working at height.


Moving Vehicles

Runway vehicles are not just limited to the aircrafts – the likes of fuel tankers, baggage trucks and mobile aircraft steps are all heavily present across the tarmac. 

This traffic, alongside the inability to hear the vehicles due to the aircraft noises, presents a large risk to the health and safety of all in and around the moving vehicles.

To minimise the risks of being struck by a moving vehicle, you must...

  • Wear high-visibility clothing at all times on the runway
  • Keep to designated walk-ways
  • Remain as alert and vigilant as possible when moving from place to place
  • Continuously risk assess the environment.



It's no secret that aeroplanes create noise, with the average jet take-off having a decibel level of a staggering 100-120dB at 35 metres distance.

This may not concern the average person passing through airports. However, persistent exposure to this noise can cause severe and permanent damage.

The risk of damage can be reduced significantly by ensuring that all relevant staff are equipped with high quality ear defenders, and areas where ear protection is necessary are properly identified

Poor Lighting

Low lighting is often an essential for parts of runways throughout the night to avoid confusing approaching aircrafts. Although this is a requirement to prevent further hazards, the low lighting presents a risk to ground staff, both walking and in moving vehicles, due to the lack of visibility. 

To reduce further risks, it’s important to ensure that all staff wear high-visibility jackets at all times when in such situations and take extra care by giving wide-birth when coming close to runways and aircraft.


With such high-risk environments such as those at airports and on the runways, more and more aviation companies have begun to invest in health and safety software solutions such as EcoOnline EHS with a view to identify hazards and reduce the risk of harm wherever possible.

The use of such software promotes a safety culture, improves communication, regulation and implementation on the matter, and can ultimately create a safer environment with less injuries, saving aviation companies thousands of pounds down the line. 

Author Leslie Duroe

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